twitter RSS Feed linkedin acp contact

Expanding women’s access to opportunities can help Tanzania: World Bank report

Tanzania stands to benefit enormously from expanding women’s economic opportunities, especially in terms of access to land and productive assets, according to the World Bank economic analysis for the country

world bank women 9 MarchBridging the gender gap in agricultural productivity in Tanzania could increase the annual agricultural output by 2.7%. (Image source: Adobe Stock)

The 17th Tanzania Economic Update, Empowering Women: Expanding Access to Assets and Economic Opportunities, shows that bridging the gender gap in agricultural productivity in Tanzania could lift approximately 80,000 citizens out of poverty every year while increasing annual agricultural output by 2.7% and boosting annual gross domestic product growth by 0.86%. Eliminating the gender wage gap could have significant effects on household welfare.

“The expansion of women’s economic opportunities has contributed to Tanzania’s sustained growth over the past 20 years, which recently culminated in its transition from low-income to lower-middle-income status,” said Mara Warwick, World Bank country director. “However, more can be done to enhance women’s ability to realise their full economic potential and play a pivotal role in supporting an inclusive and resilient post-crisis recovery.”

The economic update shows that Tanzania has made important progress in several areas. The female labour-force participation rate rose from 67% in 2000 to 80% in 2019, well above the average of 63% for sub-Saharan Africa, and among the highest on the continent. Moreover, a large share of Tanzanian women are now salaried workers, and the ratio of women to men in jobs paying wages and salaries rose from 0.35 in 2000 to 0.64 in 2019. Meanwhile, the share of women engaged in unpaid agricultural work fell from 78% in 2004-05 to 64% in 2015-16.

The report authors, however, note that Tanzania’s large and persistent gender gaps in agricultural productivity, wage rates, the business environment, access to land, home ownership and financial services continue to slow economic growth. The authors identify several persisting constraints for women along with actionable suggestions for addressing these to enhance economic opportunities for women. For example, while most of Tanzania’s labour force remains concentrated in agriculture, the sector suffers a significant gender gap in productivity; estimated at 20-30%. A full 97% of the gender gap is attributable to women’s low access to male family labour, while the remaining percent reflects lower levels of access to agricultural implements and pesticides.

“Addressing the gender gap in agricultural productivity requires policymakers to focus on expanding women’s access to male household labour, increasing their use of agricultural inputs, and encouraging their uptake of digital technologies,” said Yaa Pokua Afriyie Oppong, World Bank sector leader and report co-author.

“The government can promote women’s economic empowerment by providing tailored business and life skills training to female entrepreneurs,” said Inaam Ul Haq, World Bank program leader and report co-author. 

The authors also call for strengthening of women’s land rights by offering land-titling subsidies to lower-income households and by providing incentives to encourage spouses to co-title. Land reforms are recommended to address the quality of service-delivery and boost female land ownership.

To further support the recovery, the World Bank recommends strengthening policies to address the pandemic in the short term, while laying the groundwork for a private-sector-led recovery over the medium-to-long term.


LATEST NEWS IN Agriculture

African food imports bill predicted to double by 2030

African food imports bill predicted to d…

Experts have warned that the cost of Africa’s yearly food imports could increase from US$50bn to US$110bn by 2030 if immediate measures aren’t taken to increase food production

Wildlife and forestry sector in the spotlight

Wildlife and forestry sector in the spot…

On August 22, the 23rd session of the African Forestry and Wildlife Commission, hosted by the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo opened in Kinshasa, putting the future...

Boosting investment for Africa-made cotton

Boosting investment for Africa-made cott…

At a partner’s conference on cotton, jointly organised with the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), donors were urged to mobilise resources for new partnerships.   

Nature-based solutions help farmers in Ghana

Nature-based solutions help farmers in G…

Organic pesticides, waste-based fertilisers and forest regeneration are just a few of the green initiatives being employed in Ghana to boost farming communities’ resilience to the impacts of climate...

Boosting soil nutrient mapping in sub-Saharan Africa

Boosting soil nutrient mapping in sub-Sa…

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is set to fast track an impact-oriented project in sub-Saharan Africa and Central America for digital soil nutrient mapping, after...

Gambia-Korea partnership seeks to double rice production to curb food insecurity

Gambia-Korea partnership seeks to double…

President Adama Barrow has received a delegation led by the Korean Ambassador to The Gambia, HE Kim Ji-Joon, at the State House in Banjul to announce the delivery of sample rice...

Prev Next

OTHER RELATED ARTICLES - Agriculture

UK to fund five innovative businesses in Kenya

UK to fund five innovative businesses in…

The UK has launched the second round of a business innovation challenge fund that will see an additional five promising businesses receive grant funding and technical assistance of up to...

Mauritius allocates land to Chagossian community to run agricultural training centre

Mauritius allocates land to Chagossian c…

The government of Mauritius has allocated a 500 sq m plot in Pointe aux Sables to the Chagos refugees group for establishing a training centre to provide agricultural and handicraft...

Controlling black pod and canker

Controlling black pod and canker

Dr Terry Mabbett describes the theory and practice of successfully treating black pod and stem canker in West Africa with the application of cuprous oxide.

ELAN and FRI to drive change for small-scale livestock farmers in North Tanzania

ELAN and FRI to drive change for small-s…

Elanco Animal Health Incorporated (ELAN) and Farm Radio International (FRI) have partnered to produce a 13-week series of radio programs designed to support and educate small-scale livestock farmers in North...

ITFC signs agreement with SONACOS to finance 2021/22 groundnut season in Senegal

ITFC signs agreement with SONACOS to fin…

The International Islamic Trade Finance Corporation (ITFC) granted a US$44.88mn financing to Senegal National Groundnut Company (SONACOS) to help the Senegalese agriculture sector in post-Covid recovery

Western Cape minister Meyer visits grain farmers in the Swartland

Western Cape minister Meyer visits grain…

The Western Cape minister of agriculture Dr Ivan Meyer and executive mayor of Swartland Municipality Tjimen van Essen visited Swartland grain and livestock farmers, Alfreda Mars and Andries van der...

Oxfam urges African governments to invest more in small farms

Oxfam urges African governments to inves…

The amount of malnourished people in Africa’s poorest countries is increasing despite enhanced food production, according to a recent Oxfam report

Integrated community-based project to help tackle food, nutrition insecurity in Namibia

Integrated community-based project to he…

The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP), in partnership with the African Group of Ambassadors and the Embassy of the Federative Republic of Brazil, recently launched an Integrated Community Based...

New grain silo for Africa’s smallholder farmers

New grain silo for Africa’s smallholder …

A new silo suitable for use by smallholder farmers in Africa has been launched in Nairobi, Kenya

Agrisem launches new seedbed cultivator tillage machine

Agrisem launches new seedbed cultivator …

French company Agrisem showcased its new seedbed cultivator tillage machine at the recent Agritechnica show in Hanover, Germany

‘Forests management crucial for sustainable tropical timber industry’

‘Forests management crucial for sustaina…

The International Tropical Timber Technical Association (ATIBT) has discussed forest management strategies for promoting a sustainable tropical timber industry

Ghana hosts FAO food security conference

Ghana hosts FAO food security conference

Ghana has hosted a special training session and meeting in Accra for 15 FAO representative countries in the West African sub-region

Prev Next