The IFC and the Madagascar government have announced an agricultural insurance programme to assist Madagascar's farmers in building stronger climate resilience, increasing productivity, and gaining easier access to financial services
Under the programme, IFC will help Malagasy insurance companies develop targeted insurance products to protect farmers from weather-related risks and other natural disasters that threaten their livelihoods and undermine creditor confidence.
Agricultural insurance will help protect farmers from a wide range of natural disasters, including cyclones, droughts, floods, and pest invasions. Natural disasters cost Madagascar’s economy on average 1% of GDP annually.
Agriculture is a significant contributor to Madagascar’s economy, accounting for about a quarter of the country’s GDP and 64% of total employment. Smallholder farmers make up about 70% of the farming population, yet more than half cite limited access to financial services as a key constraint holding back their productivity and incomes.
“The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries is committed to developing agricultural insurance for smallholder farmers to achieve food self-sufficiency as well as accelerated, inclusive and sustainable growth. The establishment of an agricultural insurance system is a sustainable solution to develop the agricultural sectors. This will encourage banks and financial institutions to support farmers through access to credit to overcome the risks associated with climate change,” said Fanomezantsoa Lucien Ranarivelo, the minister of agriculture, livestock and fisheries.
“Smallholder farmers are often on the front lines of risk and they deserve insurance programs specifically targeted to meet their needs. Agricultural insurance can help them enjoy a more predictable and stable cash flow, enabling them to repay loans and improve credit worthiness, boost production, and build more resilience against natural disasters and other shocks,” said Marcelle Ayo, IFC’s country manager for Madagascar.
Farmers who are insured often lower their credit risk, easing their access to other financial services, such as loans. This has been shown in countries such as Kenya, Nigeria, and the Philippines, where banks, microfinance institutions, and insurance companies have collaborated to provide bundled services to smallholder farmers.
The Madagascar project is funded by the Global Index Insurance Facility (GIIF), a multi-donor programme managed by the World Bank Group created to address the scarcity of affordable insurance protection against weather and catastrophic risks in emerging countries. GIIF is supported by the European Commission, the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States, the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), and the Japan Ministry of Finance.