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Waste not, want not: turning harvest waste into electricity

When even waste material can be used to produce energy, it’s a win-win situation all round

Harvesting SuSanA Secretariat African Farming African Technical ReviewWaste from harvesting will be able to be used to produce electricity. (Image source: SuSanA Secretariat)

Across Africa, countries are committed to scaling up renewable energy production to meet their growing energy needs. However, this will require bold thinking and innovation to deliver affordable and reliable power solutions that can be rapidly deployed. 

Africa’s first grid-connected anaerobic digester plant on Gorge Farm in Kenya was developed by Tropical Power and is operated by independent power producer Biojoule. The Gorge Farm Energy Park, launched in August 2015, and uses organic waste and sunshine to produce renewable power, both of which are plentiful on the 800ha vegetable farm.

Currently only 23 per cent of Kenya’s population have access to electricity, said the World Bank, yet access to energy is a key imperative for economic development.

Gorge Farm Energy Park has an installed capacity of 2.8MW, with a net output of 2.2 MW bringing much-needed power into the grid at a time when Kenya’s energy needs are steadily rising.

The plant is powered by GE’s J420 Jenbacher engines, which are able to operate smoothly at 2,000 meters above sea level. This was the first time that Jenbacher engines were deployed on a renewable energy project in East Africa. As the largest biodigester of its type in East Africa, Gorge Farm Park is seen as a trailblazer for renewable energy development in the region.

The project cost US$6.5mn to build and was developed in under 12 months, with a projected payback period of less than six years.

“Through the Gorge Farm Energy Park we aim to displace the expensive and imported generation fuels – like diesel and heavy fuel oil – from Kenya’s distributed power mix. The Gorge Farm AD Plant is proof that locally produced feedstock can generate clean and cost effective distributed power,” says Mike Mason, chairman of Tropical Power.

“This was the first anaerobic digester project for GE in sub-Saharan Africa. It is a big win for Kenya and Africa in general, demonstrating that waste to power projects are feasible in this market” stated Oluwatoyin Abegunde, GE’s distributed power leader for Africa.

Beyond producing power, the plant has multiple environmental benefits. These include the development of a rich natural fertiliser, which is a by-product of the power production process. Once fed back into the land this helps to improve crop health and reduces the need for synthetic fertilisers. Further by displacing oil-fired generation from the grid, the plant reduces carbon emissions by 7,000 tonnes a year.

“The Gorge Farm Energy Park is a showcase project for Nakuru County, Kenya and the African continent. Distributed power projects are vital to our energy security, reliability and efficiency. And the Park will be using local crop waste and the sun to generate clean, renewable power close to the point of use,” said Nakuru county governor Kinuthia Mbugua.


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